— 1852 —
October 6, 1852...
There are 81 female Postmasters in the United States... Death of the Duke of
Wellington, who beat Napoleon at Waterloo... suspect arrested in failed attempt to rob local drug store
and blow up safe... self-heating iron using a small bit of charcoal, heavier than a regular iron...
daguerreotype portraits for 50 cents... publishing of Uncle Tom's Cabin As It Is, a copycat work trying to
cash in on the success of Mrs. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.
The Orange County Agricultural Fair and Cattle Show has an estimated attendance of 12,000 with 700
wagons coming through the Middletown gate of a plank road from a
sparsely settled area on Wed.
Daniel Webster gives a speech before the Historical Society in New York City on the 150th anniversary
of Washington's birth. (the year, not the day - George Washington was born on Feb. 22, 1732) He calls
upon his audience to uphold the Constitution, saying that if it were broken, a better could not be made.
October 13, 1852... voter eligibility... oppression in Cuba, military rule, some American papers are
October 20, 1852... extolling the virtues of Whig candidate General Winfield Scott.
October 27, 1852... the death of Daniel Webster.
November 3, 1852... a wagon was struck by a train on Saturday. The two occupants were bruised, the
wagon was smashed... Van Deusen's Improved Wahpene for gray hair is available in a local drugstore.
vegetable ingredients only and
hair is renovated and strengthened, and the natural color
restored without the use of harsh chemicals.
A New York Times obituary for Daniel Webster is reprinted which refers to the
splendid triumvirate of
statesmen - Clay, Calhoun and Webster. It is common practice for newspapers of this time to reprint
articles from distant papers as a way to transmit the news, a function now performed by the Associated
November 10, 1852... election result... Democrat Franklin Pierce defeats Whig Winfield Scott
November 17, 1852 - nothing notable reported
November 24, 1852 - nothing notable reported
December 1, 1852... war worries with Spain over Cuba, diplomacy hoped for... completion of a rail line
between NYC and Cincinnati, allowing for a two day travel time between them... Commodore Perry's
squadron to leave for Japan.
A Prof. Suffren is giving a lecture in Montgomery on
Electrical Psychology. The Whig Press does not
think highly of him, stating,
These ignorant itinerant lecturers are a curse to any science, and a disgrace
to our highly-developed civilization.
December 8, 1852... the Governor of South Carolina has given a speech about the possibility of
secession and the formation of a Confederate States.
December 15, 1852... complete election results published.
December 22, 1852... report of the death of actor Lusius Juius Booth on the Mississippi... Actually
Junius Brutus Booth, who died on November 30, on a Mississippi riverboat from a fever contracted after
drinking contaminated river water. His sons included Edwin Booth, considered by some to be the
greatest American actor of the 19th century, and John Wilkes Booth, who killed Abraham Lincoln.
December 29, 1852... County and Town expenses reported including salaries for the year and totals for
assessed values and taxes.
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— 1853 —
January 5, 1853 - nothing notable reported
January 12, 1853... President-Elect Pierce's train has an accident near Andover, Massachusetts. His
car rolls down a 20 foot bank. Pierce and his wife survive but their 12-yr old son is killed.
January 19, 1853... unusual spring like weather gives way to bitter cold
January 26, 1853... Cincinnati has a new horse drawn steam fire engine which can be ready in five
minutes and shoot six streams of water... stock is being sold for a new plank road from Middletown to
the south. The intent is to attract more railroad traffic with better road access to the surrounding area.
February 2, 1853...
I do not ask that woman may fill offices in the Cabinet, or represent the army or
navy. I do not urge them out to command ships, or build railroads, to harangue in public places, or fill
pulpits. These are matters that I leave entirely to human capabilities. But I do ask that no civil disabilities
be attached to us, any more than to our brothers, in regard to these positions. If we aspire to them, and
prove ourselves inconsistent, the world will readily learn the fact, just as it learns eventually to detect
any inconsistency in the other sex. — Mrs. E. Oakes Smith.
... a lecture was given at the Middletown Lyceum by Mrs. E. Oakes Smith to the
largest audience of the
season but, though praising her ability and agreeing with the cause, the Whig Press believed that the
will be received with more of public favor a generation hence than it now is.
... a local businessman predicts Middletown will grow to 5,000 people in four years... lack of vacant
housing and shops is keeping many businesses and mechanics from moving to Middletown... two
railroad accidents occurred, both resulted in a fatality... Sullivan County Sheriff offering a $20 reward for
the arrest of John Hutchinson who escaped from jail.
Darkey Rumpus. — A colored person, named James Mitchell, received a severe stab in the thigh, while
in company with several darkies at an Oyster Saloon in Port Jervis, on the evening of the 24th ult. Two of
the fellows engaged in a fight, during which knives were drawn, and on attempting to separate them he
received the wound. One of them was arrested — the other left for New York the next morning. The cut
came near severing an artery. *
February 9, 1853... the Austrian government is following Prussia's example and has ordered that
daguerreotypes be taken of all serious railroad accidents to aid in investigation.
February 16, 1853... a Boston naval architect has proposed plans for a steamship 700ft long that can
travel at 25 mph and carry 3,000 passengers... several Poughkeepseians have left for the Australian
gold fields... nine ships in New York and seven in Boston are currently loading for Australia... one
person was injured when a locomotive blew up (boiler explosions due to poor maintenance and
materials were a significant problem in this era — Editor)... construction will begin soon on the
Middletown and Unionville Plank Road... the Whig Press complains about hasty and ill-considered
legislation coming from Albany and they suggest that better pay, to attract better men, and requiring
attendance, so lawmakers are present for all debates and votes, may improve the situation.
February 23, 1853... the
Chronometer, a new type of bank lock that can be set at night to be unlocked
at a given time in the morning and not before, costs $600... prominent Boston doctor declares tobacco
a powerful vegetable poison and from his experience, long term chewing or smoking is harmful...
Cornelius Vanderbilt's steam yacht will be finished next month... brakeman on the Erie Railroad killed
when he falls between the cars... there are 229 miles of gas pipes in New York City... Rockland County
shoemakers are striking for higher wages... Susan B. Anthony attended a Women's Temperance
meeting in Poughkeepsie on the 11th... 12,000 miles of railway areunder construction in the United
States, valued at $300,000,000 with half expected to be finished this year... the Albany Atlas suggests
licensing drinkers instead of vendors. The Whig Press believes that, like many good ideas, it would be
impossible to enforce.